Spain / Galicia


Tui. Photo by Luis Miguel Bugallo Sanchez – Wikipedia

The Jewish presence in Tui probably dates from the early Middle Ages. However, as municipal archives have been lost, the first written traces referring to this presence date from the 15th century.

Some of them refer to orders made by a cathedral to Jewish goldsmiths, Abraan and Jago. The Jews practised a variety of activities, including medicine and trade.

Regional conflicts and the growing climate of intolerance in the 14th and 15th centuries made this life very difficult. The synagogue was converted into a stable.

Cathedral of Tui.Photo by Grzegorz Polak – Wikipedia

Documents also refer to a probable mikveh and a kosher butcher shop, which have also disappeared. According to research, the  ancient synagogue was located in the Juderia near the streets of Las Monjas and Bispo Castanon, which still have many houses reminiscent of the medieval past. In the latter is the former house of the merchant Salomon Caadia. The Sarmiento-Celeva manor house was built on the site of the synagogue. Tyde Street was home to a significant number of Jews at that time.

On the  cathedral of Tui, there is an amazing engraving of a menorah. In the  Diocesan Museum there are exhibits related to this past. Among them are five paintings evoking the Inquisition and its crimes.

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