The Jewish presence in Bourges seems to date from the 6th century.
Following a refusal to convert to Christianity, the Jews were expelled from the city in the 7th century.
Administrative documents attest to a Jewish quarter in 1020, south of the city. It seems that a building at the corner of rue des Bourbonnoux and rue des Juifs served as a synagogue in the Middle Ages.
There would have been another synagogue in the neighborhood. As in the rest of the country, the Jews had to leave Bourges in the 14th century.