Swiss Federation of Hebrew Communities
Gotthardstrasse 65, Case postale 2105, 8027 Zurich
Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich
Lavaterstrasse 33, 8002 Zürich, Switzerland
Freigutstrasse 37, 8001 Zürich, Switzerland
Or Chadasch Synagogue
Hallwylstrasse 78, 8004 Zürich, Switzerland
Agudas Achim Synagogue
Erikastrasse 8, 8003 Zürich, Switzerland
Zurich contains the headquarters of the Swiss Federation of Hebrew Communities, founded in 1904 and whose archives were recently entrusted to the Zurich Federal Polytechnic School for better preservation there. The collection includes the documents from JUNA, the FSCI press office, the Union of Jewish Mutal Aid Societies, the Swiss Refugees Council, the Union of Jewish Students, and the Action Group for Jews in the Soviet Union, along with extensive private archives.
The former ghetto of the Brunnengasse was the site of a 1349 pogrom against the Jews, who were accused of having spread the plague. A commemorative plaque was unveiled 650 years later at 4 Froschausgasse, where the former synagogue stood. The narrow, nameless alley that leads to the Neumarkt was renamed Synagogengasse.
Today the Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich (ICZ), founded in 1862, represents the most important Jewish community in Switzerland. The ICZ’s synagogue, at the corner of the Löwenstrasse and Nuschelerstrasse, was built in 1884 in Moorish style; it features a beige and red-striped facade, two towers topped by domes, and traditional windows. Its Community Center houses as well the kosher restaurant Shalom.
In addition, three disctint Jewish communities inhabit the city, each centered upon its won synagogue: the Orthodox Israelitische Religionsgesellschaft; the Reform Or Chadasch community; and finally, the sizable Hasidic community around the Agudas Achim Synagogue, which gives off a truly shtetl ambiance.