The Basilicata region is famous for its ancient buildings, in particular the prehistoric settlements at Matera, which have been declared a World Heritage Site.

Some of our pages mention the Jewish presence since Roman times, in various countries conquered by Rome 2,000 years ago, including France and Spain. In the Italian region of Basilicata, the Jewish presence also dates back to this period, as attested by Hebrew inscriptions and a menorah carved in the catacombs of Venosa.