France / Languedoc

Narbonne

Museum of Art and History of Narbonne

Ancien palais des archevêques - Place de l’Hôtel de Ville, 11100 Narbonne

Lapidary Museum of Narbonne

Place Lamourguier - Eglise Notre-Dame-de-Lamourguier, 11100 Narbonne

The  Museum of Art and History (Musée d’Art et d’Histoire) in Narbonne has the oldest known inscription relating to the Jewish presence in France. It is an epitaph for the three children of Paragorus: Justus, aged thirty; Matrona, twenty; and Dulciorella, nine. Absolute proof of the Jewishness of the inscription is given by a seven-branch candelabrum and a short text in Hebrew: “Peace on Israel”. The museum also has a funerary inscription.

The Lapidary Museum[/site] (Musée Lapidaire) has a synagogal inscription dating from 1240 and a funerary inscription.